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Abbott FreeStyle Libre Flash Glucose Monitor (FGM) systemThe Abbott FreeStyle Libre system consists of a FreeStyle Libre reader or their Freestyle Libre phone app which displays glucose data with every scan in a meaningful and user-friendly way, and a FreeStyle Libre sensor to be worn on the back of the upper arm. This small water-resistant sensor is designed to stay on the body for up to 14 days and may be worn during regular activities such as showering.
AMTRAKAmerican Track (National Railroad Passenger Corporation)
AT&TAmerican Telephone & Telegraph
ATAppalachian Trail
B2Non-Immigrant US Tourist Visa
BGLsBlood Glucose Levels in the blood.
BICThe manufacturer sells more pens (and lighters) than any other company in the United States.
California Fire PermitIt does not permit you to have a campfire. You will still only be able to have campfires if and when they are allowed. However, the permit is required in most of California to cook on a camp stove. It is free and can be completed online. Oregon and Washington do not require fire permits.
Canada PCT Entry PermitYou must obtain permission from the Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA)/Government of Canada and carry a paper copy of your approved Canada PCT Entry Permit with you at all times while in Canada. Entering Canada without this permit is illegal. Without an approved Canada PCT Entry Permit printed and in your possession, crossing into Canada via the PCT is strictly prohibited and a serious violation of Canadian Federal Law. This Permit can be applied for online and will require supporting documentation.
CDTContinental Divide Trail
COVID-19Corona Virus Disease 19
DiabetesDiabetes is a chronic condition associated with abnormally high levels of sugar (glucose) in the blood. Insulin produced by the pancreas lowers blood glucose. Absence or insufficient production of insulin, or an inability of the body to effectively use insulin causes diabetes.
DSDepartment of State
DS-160Form to secure B2 Visa
EarthmateIt is perfect for planning, tracking, and sharing your trip anywhere around the globe. By pairing your mobile device (via Bluetooth® technology) with inReach, the Earthmate app turns your mobile or GPS device into a true satellite communication, GPS navigation, and safety tool.
ESTAElectronic System for Travel to United States of America— up to 90 days
FarOutFarOut, formerly known as Guthook Guides, was started by a couple of thru-hikers who hiked the PCT in 2010. This app now encompasses several well-known trails worldwide including several long-distance trails in Australia.
FGMFlash glucose monitoring is a sensor technology that enables you to test your glucose levels without pricking your finger. A flash glucose monitor is a small sensor that you wear just under your skin. We call it Flash for short. It records your glucose (sugar) levels continuously throughout the day and night. You can find out your levels by scanning the sensor whenever you want to. This technology is currently available in the Freestyle Libre system.
FRIO UKUK Supplier of cooling products for temperature sensitive items i.e. Insulin FRÍO® UK Cooling Wallets keep in-use insulin cool and safe within temperature range of 18-26°C (64.4-78.8°F) for a minimum of 45 hours, even in a constant environmental temperature of 37.8°C (100°F).
Garmin InReach Mini GPSThe Garmin Reach® Mini is a compact hiking GPS & satellite communicator that serves as your go-to connection for off-the-grid contact.
GPSGlobal Positioning System
HYOHHike Your Own Hike
HypoHypoglycaemia or the abbreviation ‘Hypo’ is the medical term for a low blood sugar (glucose) levels (BGLs).
HyperHyperglycaemia or the abbreviation ‘Hyper ‘ is the medical term for high blood sugar (glucose) levels (BGLs).
IHAImpaired Hypoglycaemic Awareness. IHA means that people do not have symptoms of a hypo or feel the late symptoms of a hypo before they feel the early signs and symptoms. People who have had diabetes for a long time or who have frequent hypos are more at risk of having IHA.
InsulinA hormone made by the pancreas that allows your body to use sugar
LALos Angeles
LighterpackA useful app for calculating your base weight which includes everything except water, food, and worn clothes) which you intend to carry so you can see whether your backpack can support that load
LNTLeave No Trace
Long-distance hikeThru-hike
mg/dLMilligrams per Deciliter (mg/dL) measures the amount of a particular substance (such as glucose) in a specific amount of blood. Americans use this measurement for interpreting blood glucose levels.
mmol/LMillimoles per litre (mmol/L) is the unit of measurement Australia and the UK use for interpreting blood sugar results. A reading of 3.9 mmol means there are 3.9 millimoles in each litre of blood.
M&MMars & Murrie – hard-shelled candy with a chocolate centre.
MOABMother of All Boots used by Merrell shoe brand
MOAPMother of All Packs was created by me to indicate a very heavy backpack
MSMultiple Sclerosis is an auto-immune disease that produces an abnormal response against the Central Nervous system (CNS). The CNS comprises the brain, spinal cord, and optic nerves.
MSRAMultiple Sclerosis Research Australia
Nearo DayOvernight stay in supply towns
Pacific SurflinerThe Pacific Surfliner passenger train services stations in San Diego, Orange, Los Angeles, Ventura, Santa Barbara, and San Luis Obispo counties
PCTPacific Crest Trail
PCTProblem-Solving Constantly Trail was created by me to describe official PCT
PCTAPacific Crest Trail Association
PCT PermitThe U.S. Forest Service authorizes PCTA to issue 50 permits per day for trips starting near the Mexican border. Long-distance permits are only for hikers and horseback riders intending to travel 500 or more miles in a single, continuous trip. PCT Permits are free and are issued on a first-come, first-served basis, via a waiting room system on the PCTA website on permit launch days–October of the previous year of the intended hike (35 permits per day issued) and January of the year of thru-hike (15 permits per day issued).
PLBPersonal Locator Beacon
PUDPointless Ups and Downs
SFSan Francisco
SIMSubscriber Identity Module
SPAMSpecial Processed American Meat or contraction of ‘spiced ham’.
SUVSport Utility Vehicle
Thru HikeA long-distance hike
Type 1 DiabetesPeople with type 1 diabetes do not produce insulin. You can think of it as not having a key. Type 1 diabetes occurs when your immune system, the body’s system for fighting infection, attacks and destroys the insulin-producing beta cells of the pancreas. Genes and environmental factors, such as viruses, are believed to trigger the disease.
Type 2 DiabetesPeople with type 2 diabetes don’t respond to insulin as well as they should and later in the disease they often don’t make enough insulin. You can think of this as having a broken key. Type 2 diabetes is a serious medical condition that often requires the use of anti-diabetic medication, or insulin to keep blood sugar levels under control. However, the development of type 2 diabetes and its side effects (complications) can be prevented if detected and treated at an early stage.
UKUnited Kingdom
USUnited States
USAUnited States of America
USCUniversity of Southern California
WAWashington State
Zero DayTwo nights stay in supply town usually involving 1 full day without any hiking that day. Required to give sufficient time to resupply, wash clothes, and recover.

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