You are currently viewing Mt Kosciuszko Summit via Hannels Spur

Mt Kosciuszko is Australia’s Highest Peak at 2,228m (7,310ft). It is small by international standards and more of a plateau when you get there, but it enjoys a full panoramic 360⁰ view across the stunning Australian alps. If you want a challenge, try accessing it via Hannels Spur ascending 1800mtrs in 8kms from the Western Fall region of the Great Dividing Range.

February 2022

Australian Alps, Thredbo, New South Wales

2 days/2 nights with full pack (23.5km)

Possible as day hike for experienced fit hikers only

Mt Kosciuszko Summit

It can be walked in a single day with a choice of two exit destinations from Mt Kosciuszko Summit. Choose Rawson Pass to exit at Charlotte Pass or the Kosciuszko Summit Track to reach Thredbo, via chair lift, or several walking tracks. Both are one-way routes requiring a car shuttle.

We chose the Thredbo exit via Dead Horse Gap Track walking 23.5km over 2 days.

For the shortest route to Thredbo Village, catch the Kosciuszko Express Chair Lift from Thredbo Top Station. Remember the last ride down, (an added charge) is at 4.30 pm.

For the most direct walking track, choose Merritts Nature Track. Although a short distance at only 4km, this stepped path is steep and may further tire fatigued legs. The gentler but longer, more scenic alternative is Dead Horse Gap Track (4km) joining Thredbo River Walk (a gentle 4km) for a total 8km descent.

Note: Thredbo River Walk is closed due to flood damage (Feb 2022 advice). Park car at Dead Horse Gap Carpark or road walk back to Thredbo Village.

Frequent rest breaks on steep Hannels Spur ascent

Grade 5

Suitable for fit hikers with good navigational skills. 1800m ascent of Hannels Spur over 8kms is not to be underestimated. Take plenty of water and electrolytes in warm weather to prevent heat exhaustion, hiking poles for added grip, map, PLB, and take frequent rest stops when needed.

NSW Topo Maps loaded to Avenza Map App–8525-3S Youngal, 8525-2S Perisher Valley, and 8524-N Thredbo. Or you may wish to layer reputable GPX files from experienced hikers over Avenza or other recognised navigation apps. Images referenced here are supplied from the AllTrails app and a Great Walks of the Kosciuszko Region guidebook.

Track Terrain

Too much leg on offer as I wade across a refreshing Geehi River at the start of Hannels Spur Track

Shortly after Geehi Campground, you cross Geehi River to resume Hannels Spur Track on the other side. The river can be thigh-high and fast flowing in wet seasons, so please take care crossing. Afterward, follow a 4WD trail to the first Hannels Spur wooden signpost where the track narrows winding its way steeply through dry sclerophyll forest.

Should have just walked thru in your trail runners

Stringybark, broad-leaf, and narrow-leaf Peppermint trees are plentiful below 1100mtrs, Mountain Gum and Alpine Ash prevail in the 1100-1400mtr zone, and stunted Snow Gum, mostly petrified from past bushfires, appear at the 1400-1800mtr mark. Reflective orange markers have been placed above head height on tree trunks to mark the way. I’d still bring other forms of navigation tools, such as online or real paper maps, for clarity on the track’s location. We found many orange markers had fallen on the ground. I found trekking poles invaluable on this steep, unrelenting ascent. Getting traction to advance upwards can be difficult, with dry or wet ground.

When you near the top of Hannels Spur, the orange markers become less frequent. And despite better visibility in good weather, seeing the path becomes more cumbersome. Previous hikers have left small cairns which help but don’t rely on them.

After leaving the tree line around the 1800mtr mark, you enter the Alpine Tract, a typical feldmark terrain of wide expanses of dwarf shrubs, herbs, lichens, and bogs. The track is hidden beneath these low-lying shrubs and requires great concentration to avoid rolling your ankle as you navigate your way across bogs and rivulet watercourses.

At the top of Hannels Spur

Once you reach the Main Range Track, it becomes easier with well-established landscaped dirt and granite stoned tracks. From the Kosciuszko Summit Walk junction with Main Range Track, you follow a metal walkway to Thredbo Top Station to catch the Kosciuszko Express Chairlift to Thredbo Village. If you choose to walk, stepped landscaped tracks resume at both Merritt’s Nature Track and Dead Horse Gap Track.


This walk is more manageable if broken into two days. Choose the first day to tackle the steep Hannels Spur ascent and wild camp near Wilkinsons Creek for ready access to water at the 10.5 to 13.5km mark. You will reach the summit of Mt Kosciuszko early the next morning with a short 2 to 5km gentle ascent. After that, it’s mostly downhill for the rest of the day.

Suggested Itinerary

Day 1

Park one car at Thredbo Long Stay P4 Car Park. Drive 45mins on a windy road from Thredbo Village to Geehi Flat Campground, a delightfully spacious camping area with several toilet amenities and table/bench seats available. Soak up your surroundings and enjoy a nice car camping meal. Have a refreshing dip in the Geehi River. Visit historical Geehi Hut and take in the epic views of the Western Fall region of the Great Dividing Range with Hannels Spur, your intended route tomorrow, clearly visible.

Day 2

Geehi Flat to Mt Kosciuszko Summit 15.5km
NPWS sign at Geehi Flat Campground
Official Start of Hannels Spur Track (note smiling faces)

Today’s mileage will be 10.5 to 13.5kms but you can camp earlier at either Moiras Flat (at 6.5km) or Byatts Camp (at 8.5km) if the going is tough. Moiras Flat has access to a trickling stream for water resupply. It’s also a good spot for a lunch break after the steep climb, but be aware there’s little cover, and you’ll be exposed on a hot summer’s day.

Moiras Flat Camp Site

Byatts Camp is a small dry campsite at the top of Hannels Spur. The worst of the elevation has passed, but navigation beyond Byatts Camp requires concentration as you enter the alpine heathland zone interspersed with dense dwarf heaths and bog lands. The path is hard to see, and it may be wise to camp at Byatts Camp if fatigue is building and you wish to avoid injury from falls.

We persevered another 2kms, walking carefully through this scrubland before settling on a gently sloping wild campsite nestled behind boulders with easy access to Wilkinsons Creek at the 10.4km mark.

Sunset at Wilkinsons Creek Wild Campsite

Day 3

Sunrise from my tent vestibule at Wilkinsons Creek
Reaching Mt Kosciuszko Summit then descending via Dead Horse Gap

Starting at 8 am on fresh legs, we easily traverse the boglands surrounding Wilkinsons Creek before ascending to join the Main Range Track near Muellers Pass.

At the junction with the Summit Track, we discard our heavy backpacks to stroll the last few kilometres to Mt Kosciuszko Summit. After an ungainly scramble onto the summit’s stone landmark, we stand tall and proud, jubilant with our efforts to summit Mt Kosciuszko, the top of Australia, the hard way.

Mt Kosciuszko Summit Track
Smashed my phone screen protector to reach the top of Australia but I made it – Woohoo!

From here it’s mainly downhill, my favourite way if my knees are behaving themselves. Retrieving our backpacks, we head to real toilets with toilet paper at Rawson Pass. This is the route you’d take to return to Charlotte Pass via Seamans Hut if you had opted to use this town as your car shuttle location.

Return to Charlotte Pass via Rawson Pass and Seamans Hut
Descending Summit Track to retrieve backpacks at Junction with Main Track

Instead, we join the metal walkway’s Main Range/Summit Track heading towards Thredbo High Station where you can catch the Express Chair Lift to Thredbo Village.

Lake Cootapatamba on right descending metal walkway to Thredbo Top Station

Just before reaching Thredbo High Station, we divert to Dead Horse Gap Track for a 4km descent to the valley floor. It joins with the Thredbo River Walk, usually a leisurely 4km stroll into Thredbo Village. Unfortunately, 2022’s wet summer has caused recent landslides on this track and this track is closed until further notice. There’s a $300 on-the-spot fine if you’re seen attempting it. To overcome this unexpected closure, one walker from our group takes the Chair Lift to Thredbo, retrieves her car, and then meets us at the end of Dead Horse Gap. Total mileage over two days is 23.5km.   

Thredbo Top Station and Eagle’s Nest Restaurant from Rams Head on Dead Horse Gap Track

Dead Horse Gap Track is a pleasant undulating walk, first traversing Ramshead Range, before dipping into sub-alpine snow gum territory amid granite boulders and petrified trees from past bushfires. An old chair lift seat, a reminder of this town’s strong ski history, proves a pleasant resting spot as we amble along the hillside. If you are lucky, you may see wild horses, brumbies, amidst the dense tree cover.

After being picked up, we return to Thredbo Village, book into the local YHA for a refreshing shower, and then spend the afternoon resting. You could leave this day, but one car must return a walker to the car we left in Geehi Flat campground. This is a 1.5hr out-and-back drive from Thredbo Village.

Day 4

Return home, in our case, a 5.5-to-6-hour journey to Sydney.


Even in summer, come prepared for inclement weather. It is significantly cooler at elevation, and weather can change rapidly. Bring a rain jacket which can also act as a wind jacket, rain pants, a light fleece, first aid kit, sunscreen, enough water (min. 1 litre for every 6kms walked), or water treatment solutions if sourcing water from mountain streams, and adequate food for energy. I often carry electrolyte and salt tablets to add to water to replace salts lost with sweat if the walk is hot and/or strenuous.

Of course, include all the other provisions needed for safe overnight camping – an appropriate-sized backpack to carry your load, tent, and sleep system including sleeping bag, sleeping mat with a suitable R rating, and an ultralight inflatable pillow or stuff sack filled with soft spare clothes for a comfortable night’s sleep.

Easing the cramps on a long hot ascent of Hannels Spur

I recommend trekking poles for Hannels Spur and Dead Horse Gap if knees are sore, but they’re unnecessary for the steel walkways from Thredbo Top Station to junction with Mt Kosciuszko Summit Walk. Here, I find them more of a hindrance than a help. The rubber stoppers on the end of your poles often get caught in the open mesh and dislodge. I recommend stowing them away for the metal walkway sections.

Who joined me?

Two adventurous, capable hiking friends from my local Sydney walking group.

Getting There

The closest town to Mt Kosciuszko is Thredbo, a 5.5-hour 500km drive from Sydney.

Visit to find out what’s on in Thredbo when you arrive, location of restaurants and retail outlets, recreation activities available (hiking and mountain biking in summer and skiing in winter), how to secure lift passes, pick up maps for self-guided walks, and book guided walks if desired.   

Site of Alpine Way Tragedy when building slid down mountain killing 18 people on 30 July 1997

This Post Has 6 Comments

  1. Gary Roberts

    This is pleasantly detailed – thank you.
    I left my bicycle at the YHA, stayed there a night. Then drove to Geehi Flats alone, camped at the bland Moira Flat, and then on the summit of Mt Kosciuszko for a lovely cold night. Flew my kite Christmas morning shortly after dawn – then passed over 300 people walking from Eagles Nest out to Kosciuszko Summit. Easily 1000 people would make the summit on Christmas Day 2020.
    Night 4 I stay back at the YHA, then cycled 45km back to the pretty Geehi area to fetch my car.
    Very memorable. I have cross-country skiied and walked to Kosciuszko summit several times, but solo seemed the sweetest way of all.

    1. Katrina

      A nice approach Gary. There’s as much fun sorting out the logistics as doing the walk and beating/avoiding the crowds is a big plus in this walk’s favour. Just wish I was younger and those steep, heavy pack-laden ascents weren’t so taxing on my aging body. But soloing is a wonderful experience. You can take you sweet time and walk it any way you choose. Thanks for the feedback.

  2. Deirdre Flanagan

    Really enjoy reading your knowledgeable and amusing posts Katrina

    1. Katrina

      Thanks, Deirdre, I’m glad you enjoy them.

  3. Lorraine Spanton

    Such a wonderful, insightful and honest account of a challenging but spectacular walk. Really enjoy reading it thanks Katrina,

    1. Katrina

      Thanks, Lorraine. I appreciate your feedback. A tough walk but wonderful on reflection.

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